The red-crested cardinal (Paroaria coronata), sometimes called the Brazilian cardinal, is a small passerine bird.
The red-crested cardinal is native to parts of South America. Its native range encompasses east Bolivia, west and central Paraguay, Uraguay and south to south-east Brazil. 
The red-crested cardinal has been introduced to Hawaii and is present on the islands of Muai, Molokai, Lanai, Oahu, Kauai. 
In Japan, the red-crested cardinal has established breeding populations in Tokyo, Saitama and Osaka, with persistent sightings in Kanagawa, Mie, Nara, Kyoto and Hyogo. 
This species has also been introduced to Peurto Rico. 
Adittionally, the red-crested cardinal is a common escapee species in Florida, although it hasn't yet bred. 
Pathways and IntroductionEdit
The red-crested cardinal is popular as an exotic pet and animals commonly escape from captivity. [3/5]
The impacts of the red-crested cardinal are understudied. No impacts of the species' introduction are known. 
Control and Removal MethodsEdit
No methods are ebing used to control or reduce introduced red-crested cardinal populations.